The Gwaredu BVD programme has been built on insight and research as well as working in collaboration with other eradication programmes across the UK to inform best practice to eradicate BVD in Wales.

Please see below for a list of research and citations used as evidence for the need to eradicate BVD.

Strategy Selection


Insights for the assessment of the economic impact of endemic diseases: specific adaptation of economic frameworks using the case of bovine viral diarrhoea.

Stott AW, Gunn GJ.

Rev Sci Tech. 2017 Apr;36(1):227-236. doi: 10.20506/rst.36.1.2624.



Prevalence of antibodies to bovine viral diarrhoea virus in bulk tank milk and associated risk factors in Scottish dairy herds.

Humphry RW, Brülisauer F, McKendrick IJ, Nettleton PF, Gunn GJ.

Vet Rec. 2012 Nov 3;171(18):445. doi: 10.1136/vr.100542. Epub 2012 Sep 4.



Exploring the longitudinal dynamics of herd BVD antibody test results using model-based clustering.

Eze JI, Innocent GT, Adam K, Huntley S, Gunn GJ.

Sci Rep. 2019 Aug 6;9(1):11353. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-47339-6.



Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland.

Stott AW, Humphry RW, Gunn GJ, Higgins I, Hennessy T, O'Flaherty J, Graham DA.

Ir Vet J. 2012 Jul 2;65(1):12. doi: 10.1186/2046-0481-65-12.



Considerations on BVD eradication for the Irish livestock industry.

Barrett DJ, More SJ, Graham DA, O'Flaherty J, Doherty ML, Gunn HM.

Ir Vet J. 2011 Oct 3;64:12. doi: 10.1186/2046-0481-64-12.



The prevalence of bovine viral diarrhoea virus infection in beef suckler herds in Scotland.

Brülisauer F, Lewis FI, Ganser AG, McKendrick IJ, Gunn GJ.

Vet J. 2010 Nov;186(2):226-31. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.08.011. Epub 2009 Sep 10



Analysis of Pan-European attitudes to the eradication and control of bovine viral diarrhoea.

Heffernan C, Misturelli F, Nielsen L, Gunn GJ, Yu J.

Vet Rec. 2009 Feb 7;164(6):163-7.



The control of bovine viral diarrhoea virus in Europe: today and in the future.

Lindberg A, Brownlie J, Gunn GJ, Houe H, Moennig V, Saatkamp HW, Sandvik T, Valle PS.

Rev Sci Tech. 2006 Dec;25(3):961-79. Review.



Modelling BVD at herd level compared with individual animal level.

Humphry RW, Stott AW, Gunn GJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2005 Nov 15;72(1-2):169-75; discussion 215-9. Epub 2005 Oct 6.



Optimal risk management versus willingness to pay for BVDV control options.

Santarossa JM, Stott AW, Humphry RW, Gunn GJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2005 Nov 15;72(1-2):183-7; discussion 215-9. Epub 2005 Sep 19.



 Quantifying the risk of spread of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) between contiguous herds in Ireland.

Graham DA, Clegg TA, Thulke HH, O'Sullivan P, McGrath G, More SJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2016 Apr 1;126:30-8. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.01.017. Epub 2016 Jan 21.



Association between herd exposure to BVDV-infection and bulk milk somatic cell count of Flemish dairy farms.

Laureyns J, Piepers S, Ribbens S, Sarrazin S, De Vliegher S, Van Crombrugge JM, Dewulf J.

Prev Vet Med. 2013 Apr 1;109(1-2):148-51. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.09.013. Epub 2012 Oct 9.



Monitoring the bulk milk antibody response to BVDV: the effects of vaccination and herd infection status

R. E. Booth, M. P. Cranwell, J. Brownlie

Veterinary Record Apr 2013, 172 (17) 449; DOI: 10.1136/vr.101195



Biosecurity and farmer behaviour


Exploring the role of voluntary disease schemes on UK farmer bio-security behaviours: Findings from the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea control scheme.

Azbel-Jackson L, Heffernan C, Gunn G, Brownlie J.

PLoS One. 2018 Feb 12;13(2):e0179877. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179877. eCollection 2018.



Farmer Attitudes and Livestock Disease: Exploring Citizenship Behaviour and Peer Monitoring across Two BVD Control Schemes in the UK.

Heffernan C, Azbel-Jackson L, Brownlie J, Gunn G.

PLoS One. 2016 Mar 29;11(3):e0152295. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152295. eCollection 2016.



Patterns of calving and young stock movement in Ireland and their implications for BVD serosurveillance.

Tratalos JA, Graham DA, More SJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2017 Jul 1;142:30-38. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.04.005. Epub 2017 Apr 20.



Temporal trends in the retention of BVD+ calves and associated animal and herd-level risk factors during the compulsory eradication programme in Ireland.

Clegg TA, Graham DA, O'Sullivan P, McGrath G, More SJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2016 Nov 1;134:128



Economics of BVD


Insights for the assessment of the economic impact of endemic diseases: specific adaptation of economic frameworks using the case of bovine viral diarrhoea.

Stott AW, Gunn GJ.

Rev Sci Tech. 2017 Apr;36(1):227-236. doi: 10.20506/rst.36.1.2624.



 An integrated approach to assessing the viability of eradicating BVD in Scottish beef suckler herds.

McCormick BJ, Stott AW, Brülisauer F, Vosough Ahmadi B, Gunn GJ.

Vet Microbiol. 2010 Apr 21;142(1-2):129-36. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.09.053. Epub 2009 Sep 30.



Evaluation of producer and consumer benefits resulting from eradication of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) in Scotland, United Kingdom.

Weldegebriel HT, Gunn GJ, Stott AW.

Prev Vet Med. 2009 Jan 1;88(1):49-56. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2008.07.001. Epub 2008 Oct 19.



Use of a benefit function to assess the relative investment potential of alternative farm animal disease prevention strategies.

Stott AW, Gunn GJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2008 May 15;84(3-4):179-93. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.12.001. Epub 2008 Feb 19



Modelling and costing BVD outbreaks in beef herds.

Gunn GJ, Stott AW, Humphry RW.

Vet J. 2004 Mar;167(2):143-9.



A linear programming approach to estimate the economic impact of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) at the whole-farm level in Scotland.

Stott AW, Lloyd J, Humphry RW, Gunn GJ.

Prev Vet Med. 2003 May 30;59(1-2):51-66.




A phylogenetic analysis of Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVDV) isolates from six different regions of the UK and links to animal movement data.

Booth RE, Thomas CJ, El-Attar LM, Gunn G, Brownlie J.

Vet Res. 2013 Jun 19;44:43. doi: 10.1186/1297-9716-44-43.



BVD virus genotype 2 in British cattle.

Nettleton PF, Gunn G.

Vet Rec. 2002 Nov 16;151(20):616. No abstract available.